London innit. Mainly reblogging stuff. Would be happy to add/correct credits for any post, just send me a message.
Red moon in London
'The Vision Of Valhalla' by Charles Robinson (1870–1937)
Description: In Norse mythology, Valhalla is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god Odin. Chosen by Odin, half of those who die in combat travel to Valhalla upon death, led by valkyries, while the other half go to the goddess Freyja’s field Fólkvangr. In Valhalla, the dead join the masses of those who have died in combat known as Einherjar, as well as various legendary Germanic heroes and kings, as they prepare to aid Odin during the events of Ragnarök… Valhalla has inspired various works of art, publication titles, popular culture references, and has become a term synonymous with a martial (or otherwise) hall of the chosen dead.
Wanna go to Iceland this summer!!
“The concept is simple. Take a blank sheet with nothing but the basic outline of a pinup girl and illustrate a unique scene around her.”
esta vida es una mamada
John Wayne Gacy’s clown suits at the Crime & Punishment Museum
Fun times in Bristol!
Rik Garrett - Symbiosis (2010-11)
"An integral concept of Alchemy is ‘Solve et Coagula’ – dissolve and combine. This is the secret key to manifesting the Philosopher’s Stone, Elixr of Life and immortality. This ideal is represented with the image of the Rebis – a two-headed hermaphrodite that holds the assets of both genders."
I’ve seen a lot of hoo-ha on my dash and in various dinosaur tags lately about feathers on non-avian dinosaurs, so I thought some people might find this useful.
This is a diagram on feather evolution I did a while ago for a book I co-authored and illustrated (which is currently in press, stilllllll). The “stages” represented here are highly simplified from reality (the “interlocking” and “non-interlocking” barbule stages are basically combined into one, since it’s not really possible to tell them apart in fossils) due to making it as easy to understand as possible to a lay-audience.
The description, as written by the editor:
Stage 1 - Simple fibers: Hollow unbranched fibers, with no barbs or barbules. Found on Sciurumimus albersdoerferi.
Stage 2 - Bundles of fibers: Groups of unbranched fibers, each attaching to a central point. Found on Sinosauropteryx prima.
Stage 3 - Unbranched barbs: Rows of unbranched barbs attached to a central shaft. Found preserved in amber alongside troodontid teeth.
Stage 4 - Barbs and barbules: Rows of barbs attached to a central shaft, which branch further into barbules. Found on Protarchaeopteryx robusta.
Stage 5 - Fully-developed flight feathers: Barbs and interlocking barbules; asymmetrical shape. Found on Microraptor gui.
Some things to point out relevant to aforementioned dash hoo-ha: large, non-volant dromaeosaurs, including Utahraptor and other large genera, are most likely to have possessed stage 3 or 4 feathers. In life, these would have appeared similar to the remiges found on modern flightless birds like the ostrich, which has fairly shaggy vaned remiges on its arms.
Two important points: 1) As per phylogenetic bracketing, there is no reason whatsoever to assume that larger dromaeosaurs did not have these primitive sorts of remiges. 2) As per common sense, there is also no reason to assume that non-volant dromaeosaurs had asymmetrical stage-5 flight feathers, which are ONLY known from animals (both living and extinct) that had at the very least some rudimentary flight or gliding capabilities. Asymmetrical remiges are not “accurate” on large, obviously non-volant dromaeosaurs.
To illustrate the point, the modern kakapo parrot appears to be clearly in the process of losing its ability to fly, evolving instead a preference for a largely terrestrial lifestyle. It is considered “mostly” flightless. And, curiously, its remiges are also much less asymmetrical than related volant genera.
This is not a coincidence - in feathers, asymmetry, interlocking barbules and the mechanisms for maintaining them are more costly to produce, and these traits appear to slake off when a lineage loses volant capabilities.
Feathers did not evolve for flight, but stage 5 asymmetrical feathers (probably) did!